The trade union rights defined in collective agreements – sector/branch and enterprise/organisation – exceed the standards of the labour code mentioned above. For example, union representatives may participate in decision-making processes on issues such as the application of rules for women`s night work, setting company leave dates and firing union delegates. Unions very often receive information on labour costs and wage developments, organizational changes and new and resilient employment contracts. A collective agreement, a collective agreement (TC) or a collective agreement (CBA) is a written collective agreement negotiated by collective bargaining for workers by one or more unions with the management of a company (or with an employer organization) that regulates the commercial conditions of workers in the workplace. These include regulating workers` wages, benefits and obligations, as well as the obligations and responsibilities of the employer, and often includes rules for a dispute resolution process. Relations between unions and employer representatives are seen as fair, but negotiations are difficult and it is often not easy to conclude universally recognized collective agreements. Sometimes there is a problem with long-term rounds of negotiations that slow down the negotiation process. Such situations may result from a lack of authority among the respective negotiators to make final decisions. Sometimes they could also be part of the negotiating strategy of the social partners. A collective agreement is legally binding if its provisions do not violate the minimum or maximum standards set by law. The validity of sectoral or sectoral collective agreements is subject to registration with the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and the Family (hereafter the ministry).
The relevant employers` organisation should submit the agreement within 15 days of the signing date. These collective agreements must be filed with the department, but their legal effect does not depend on such registration, with the exception of non-signatory employers who, after filing with the department, could be bound by an extension (see below). Collective agreements in Germany are legally binding, which is accepted by the public, and this is not a cause for concern.  [Failed verification] While in the United Kingdom there was (and probably still is) an “she and us” attitude in labour relations, the situation is very different in post-war Germany and in some other northern European countries.